As tenancies come to an end, it’s only natural that landlords will want to ascertain the condition of their property. Of course, some light wear and tear is only expected. This is especially true if the property isn’t a new build. In situations where more serious damage is suspected, however, there are plenty of third-party services available to determine its extent. Arguably the most common of these methods is a dilapidation survey. It’s a professional and efficient way of assessing and documenting the condition of a property and mapping out the necessary steps needed to restore it. But what does this process actually consist of?
What Is Dilapidation?
Dilapidation refers to any damage or modifications made to the condition of a structure, allowing it to fall into disrepair. There are a number of reasons why dilapidation can occur. Perhaps the previous owner neglected or failed to sufficiently upkeep the property, or made improper alterations to its appearance. Sometimes, however, it’s simply an old building in need of some TLC. Dilapidation may also occur due to a variety of things beyond the control of the owner and tenant. These could include extreme weather conditions, broken infrastructure, as well as natural deterioration.
What is a Dilapidation Survey?
These are highly detailed surveys conducted by a professional building surveyor. It thoroughly documents the current condition of a building, down to even the most minor issues. This includes the physical structure of the building itself, as well as issues surrounding furnishing and general wear and tear. These surveys reveal the extent of the work that needs to be done to restore the building to authentic condition.
A dilapidation survey can also be used to manage dilapidation disputes between a landlord and their tenants. They can be extremely useful for recording evidence to hold tenants accountable for property damage and necessary repairs. This can enable financial damages claims to be issued should work not be completed before the conclusion of a lease. More information on these regulations can be found in the Law of Property Act 1925, and Tenant Act 1954.
What Does the Dilapidation Schedule Look Like?
When conducting a dilapidation survey, it’s always best to employ a building surveyor. RICS-certified surveyors, like Munday + Cramer, can ensure these reports are carried out to the highest quality. Then begins the documentation process. As mentioned, both minor and major damage and renovations are recorded. This could include anything from removing wall hooks to removing the wall itself.
A schedule of dilapidations can then drawn up to enable the landlord to make a formal claim. This legal document should include all clauses of the lease, as well as where any obligations have been breached. Anticipated costs to remediate each item are also stated. Alongside this schedule, a Quantified Demands document will also be sent to the tenant. It will outline any financial losses that the landlord has suffered during the dilapidation process. This not only includes repair costs, but also legal fees and missed rent as a few examples.
Contact Munday + Cramer
If you’re in need of a dilapidation survey or any other surveying options that we offer, get in touch! Call our team today on 01245 326 200 or click here to fill out our contact form.